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Products / Aqua / Biosecurity / Powders / PermaGard  
PermaGard oxidizes organic and inorganic substances and kills bacteria, thereby reducing the rate of oxygen consumption by chemical and biological processes.

Mode of Action
PermaGard exerts its antimicrobial effect by releasing nascent oxygen while dissolving in water. This nascent oxygen destroys micro-organisms as well as organic substance, through its oxidizing action.

The toxicity results from the Mno4+ (permanganate) ion which causes gross destruction of pathogenic microbial cells through oxidation.

The permanganate ion oxidizes organic matter and reduced inorganic substances to produce manganese dioxide

MnO4- + 4H+ + 3e ----> MnO2 + 2H2O

The manganese dioxide then catalyzes to release molecular oxygen to pond water

4MnO2 + 2H2O ----> 4OH- + 2MnO2+ 2H2O + 3O2

PermaGard is a strong oxidizing agent with good antimicrobial activity. It is effective in treating external lesion, e.g. rotten tail of prawns, which is usually caused by bacterial infection and other external infections of protozoa and fungi. It is also used to lower the organic load in ponds. During emergent condition of oxygen deficiency, PermaGard can be applied as a first-aid temporary reliever.

Argulus can be controlled at treatment level of 10 ppm for 30 minutes/day repeated for 3-5 days in carps.

Bacterial fin rot and columnaris disease can be controlled by PermaGard at 10 ppm for 20 min/day repeated for 3 days. Also provides instant dissolved oxygen in aquaculture ponds.

Potassium Permanganate pure

Prawn/Shrimp/Fish Ponds: 500 gm to 2.0 kg/acre/meter water depth depending on the water conditions or as advised by aquaculture consultant for specific usage directions.

Presentation: 500 gm, 1.0 kg and 5.0 kg

For Servicing Aquaculture Industry (Including Academic and Research Institutions, Universities etc.)
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